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Month: May 2012

Major Crystal Meth Effects

Major Crystal Meth Effects

Crystal meth is methamphetamine, usually shortened as meth. Sometimes it is referred to as ice or crystal ice meth. Any name it is being called, the essential fact is, that this drug is an addictive drug, which acts on the sympathetic autonomous nervous system of the body. The autonomous nervous system controls the involuntary actions of the body and it is also under the control of the brain. Methamphetamine or just crystal meth is a strong stimulant of the central nervous system.

Crystal Meth Effects

When it is absorbed into the body system, it leads to stimulation of dopamine and norepinephrine or serotonin. These chemicals are called neurotransmitters, which are the controlling factors during excitement and time of fear. They cause a rushing feeling of jubilation and euphoria. The user feels always alerted.

Crystal meth is an addictive drug similar to cocaine. The level of addiction, however, varies. It can be stopped when exposed to it for a very short period. The effects of crystal meth also last longer than the effects of cocaine. When it causes euphoria, it lasts more than twelve hours after its intake. This is far greater than cocaine.

Also, when exposed to long use, more quantity of crystal meth would be required to gain the desired effects. That is, there is a high tolerance to this drug.

Many side effects have been associated with crystal meth. The effects depend majorly on some factors such as the period of exposure to the drug, body weight of the user, the age, quantity taken, the way it is administered and many more. It is also note-worthy that its effect last much longer than cocaine.

If it is used for a long time, the effects of crystal meth could be deadly. It may cause death in extreme cases or cause great damage to the liver and kidney. Beside these, long term use can also cause psychosis, hallucination and delusion, mood swing and paranoia. Also, when one uses crystal meth for a very long time, meth mouth usually develops, coupled with dry sores.

A high dose of crystal meth, but not for a prolonged time, also has effects on the body, though not as serious as the long term use. The effects could be insomnia, confusion, weight loss and damage to blood vessels. In some cases, short term usage of crystal meth could also be fatal, as it could lead to tachycardia and hypertension. Usually, crystal meth effect could extend to dental problems like rotting teeth.

However, it is very important that one who is addicted to crystal meth should try hard to withdraw before the effects start to manifest. To withdraw from its addiction, the first important step is attending an addiction class. The classes would enlighten addicts more about the harmful effects of crystal meth to the body.

In addition, a medical approach could be taken. Addicts can go for detoxification of the blood. The addiction is caused by the persistent crystal meth in the circulatory system. The detox therapy helps because the body system returns to normal.

Heroin: A Widespread Drug, Taking Over People’s Lives

Heroin: A Widespread Drug, Taking Over People’s Lives

Among the most commonly used hard drugs, is heroin. It is common in almost every continent around the world. Heroin is a drug from the opium poppy tree. Generally, it is processed from morphine, which comes from the Asian poppy plant. It, therefore, gains its properties from morphine.

Morphine is a depressant that reduces the work rate of the nervous system. Most people use it with the claim that it relieves them from stress and give them a cool temperament.

It is important to mention that heroin was first processed in 1874 from morphine. Twenty four years later, a German pharmaceutical company manufactured it industrially using ‘heroin’ as a trademark. Then, it was manufactured as a cough relief by suppressing the respiratory tract. Although it was produced as a non-addictive morphine, unfortunately, it was later found that the processed drug, heroin, metabolizes into morphine.

With time, people started to cultivate opium poppies mainly for extraction of morphine. The extracted morphine would then be processed into heroin locally and sold. Among the areas where the opium tree is being cultivated for this purpose are Mexico, South America, Southwest Asia and Southeast Asia. Presently, heroin is now a widespread drug in the U.S.

When manufactured, heroin usually has a characteristic white color when pure. It is powdery in texture. When it is impure state, heroin has varying colors. Black tar is a form of impure heroin, which is refined locally.

It would also be beneficial to know that heroin is one of the most easily addictive drugs. There is always an urge for more heroin after the first intake. Although, it is a depressant, it is easy to get addicted. When it gets into the system, it immediately acts on the nervous system thereby slowing it down.

Another fact about heroin that is noteworthy is that it is referred to by different slag varying from one place to another. For example, it is usually called Black Tar in the U.S. In some other places, it is may be called Skag, Big H, Smack, Brown Sugar, etc.

Also, the ways heroin is being assimilated into the body system vary. Generally, it is taken as an injection. However, many other ways have now been suggested like snorting and smoking. It is wrongly believed that taking it through these other methods will not lead to addiction.

In addition, many harmful effects have been associated with heroin intake. The major effects are on the nervous system and the respiratory system. Since heroin is a depressant, it slows down the efficiency of both nervous system and the respiratory system. It causes sclerosis of the vein and infection of the lining covering the cardiac muscle. It also causes liver disease as well as pulmonary complications.